Europe has come close to falling to the forces of Islam several times in its history, notably including:
- in the sieges of Constantinople and subsequent attempted invasions of the seventh century;
- encroachment via Spain, set back in the Battle of Tours in 732;
- tenth century invasion of Sicily;
- through Serbia in the fourteenth century, culminating in the capture of Constantinople in 1453.
Our Lady of the Rosary, pray for us.