Wednesday, 24 September 2008

Ember Days ***updated**

Today, Friday and Saturday are Ember Days, traditionally days of fasting and partial abstinence marking the change of the seasons. And if you are inclined to fast, there is an embarrassment of causes that you might care to offer your fast for!

Causes

First, the defeat of the Abortion legislation in Victoria. Archbishop Hart has especially called for October 5 to be a day of intercession for this cause, and has warned that should the legislation pass, Catholic hospitals will be forced to close their maternity wards (rather than be forced to offer abortions or referrals for them). You can read more on the diocesan website.

The other special causes at the moment worth considering are the plight of Christians being persecuted, especially in India, Vietnam and China. Catholic Culture has been carrying probably the best update and commentary on this.

Why we fast

Aside from special causes, the Golden legend offers a list of eight reasons for Ember Days, which are worth reading:

The fasting of the Quatretemps, called in English Ember days, the Pope Calixtus ordained them.
And this fast is kept four times in the year, and for divers reasons.

Seasons: For the first time, which is in March, is hot and moist. The second, in summer, is hot and dry. The third, in harvest, is cold and dry. The fourth in winter is cold and moist. Then let us fast in March which is printemps for to repress the heat of the flesh boiling, and to quench luxury or to temper it. In summer we ought to fast to the end that we chastise the burning and ardour of avarice. In harvest for to repress the drought of pride, and in winter for to chastise the coldness of untruth and of malice.

Growth in virtue: The second reason why we fast four times; for these fastings here begin in March in the first week of the Lent, to the end that vices wax dry in us, for they may not all be quenched; or because that we cast them away, and the boughs and herbs of virtues may grow in us. And in summer also, in the Whitsun week, for then cometh the Holy Ghost, and therefore we ought to be fervent and esprised in the love of the Holy Ghost. They be fasted also in September to fore Michaelmas, and these be the third fastings, because that in this time the fruits be gathered and we should render to God the fruits of good works. In December they be also, and they be the fourth fastings, and in this time the herbs die, and we ought to be mortified to the world.

Imitating Jewish practice: The third reason is for to ensue the Jews. For the Jews fasted four times in the year, that is to wit, tofore Easter, tofore Whitsunside, tofore the setting of the tabernacle in the temple in September, and tofore the dedication of the temple in December.

Numerology: The fourth reason is because the man is composed of four elements touching the body, and of three virtues or powers in his soul: that is to wit, the understanding, the will, and the mind. To this then that this fasting may attemper in us four times in the year, at each time we fast three days, to the end that the number of four may be reported to the body, and the number of three to the soul. These be the reasons of Master Beleth.

Counter mood changes: The fifth reason, as saith John Damascenus: in March and in printemps the blood groweth and augmenteth, and in summer coler, in September melancholy, and in winter phlegm. Then we fast in March for to attemper and depress the blood of concupiscence disordinate, for sanguine of his nature is full of fleshly concupiscence. In summer we fast because that coler should be lessened and refrained, of which cometh wrath. And then is he full naturally of ire. In harvest we fast for to refrain melancholy. The melancholious man naturally is cold, covetous and heavy. In winter we fast for to daunt and to make feeble the phlegm of lightness and forgetting, for such is he that is phlegmatic.

Seasonal sins: The sixth reason is for the printemps is likened to the air, the summer to fire, harvest to the earth, and the winter to water. Then we fast in March to the end that the air of pride be attempered to us. In summer the fire of concupiscence and of avarice. In September the earth of coldness and of the darkness of ignorance. In winter the water of lightness and inconstancy. The seventh reason is because that March is reported to infancy, summer to youth, September to steadfast age and virtuous, and winter to ancienty or old age. We fast then in March that we may be in the infancy of innocency. In summer for to be young by virtue and constancy. In harvest that we may be ripe by attemperance. In winter that we may be ancient and old by prudence and honest life, or at least that we may be satisfied to God of that which in these four seasons we have offended him.

Reparation: The eighth reason is of Master William of Auxerre. We fast, saith he, in these four times of the year to the end that we make amends for all that we have failed in all these four times, and they be done in three days each time, to the end that we satisfy in one day that which we have failed in a month; and that which is the fourth day, that is Wednesday, is the day in which our Lord was betrayed of Judas; and the Friday because our Lord was crucified; and the Saturday because he lay in the sepulchre, and the apostles were sore of heart and in great sorrow.

For more on Emberdays, take a look at the excellent fisheaters site.

Update

It is a promising sign of the times that I wasn't the only one to post on Emberdays!

There is a nice post at New Liturgical Movement on what Ember Days are about, and a suggestion of what to pray, for viz, traditionally its vocations.

And Rorate Caeli also features an article on the ancient and more recent history of Ember Days, with the suggestion that we take the opportunity to pray for the Pope, to thank God for Summorum Pontificum, and pray for its implementation in every parish.

As I said, an embarrassment of causes to pray for...

1 comment:

Therese said...

Thanks for letting us know about the 5th of October. I will offer many prayers for the Abortion legislation.

I had heard of Ember's day before but didn't know what it was about.